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Channel between sea and Varna lake Yachting Varna lake Varna lake map Varna lake Vladislav Small fisherman pier

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Description:
Varna Lake is the largest and deepest lake on the Bulgarian Black Sea coast. A constantly growing strip of sand reaching to 2 km in breadth divides the lake from the sea. The lake itself is elongated; its southern side is high and steep, while the northern one is rather slant.

Until the start of XX century Varna lake water flowed to the sea through the high-water but shallow Varna river which passed below the southern wall of Varna citadel. After the construction of Varna Port the river was drained and in 1906-1909 a navigation canal, was built through the sand strip dividing the lake and the sea. As a result the water level lowered with approximately 1.40 m and sea water flowed to the lake.Later on in 1976 a new 12-m deep canal was constructed and the lake was dredged alongside its current. The 2 canals connecting the lake to Varna bay increased the exchange of water through slow currents between the two water basins.
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